تاریخ : شنبه, ۱ مهر , ۱۴۰۲ Saturday, 23 September , 2023

فیلم راهنمای بین‌المللی برنامه‌ریزی شهری و اقلیمی

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  • ۱۷ آبان ۱۳۹۶ - ۲۲:۴۹
فیلم راهنمای بین‌المللی برنامه‌ریزی شهری و اقلیمی

Title:The International Guidelines on Urban & Territorial Planning در اکتبر ۲۰۱۷، بخش بین‌المللی APA، بخش اورگان APA و ISOCARP کنفرانس مشترکی را در مورد شهرهای هوشمند برگزار کردند – موضوعی مهم برای شهرهای روستایی و مراکز بزرگ بین‌المللی. این جلسه به بررسی این موضوع می‌پردازد که چگونه رشد برای شهرهای کوچک و متوسط ​​و همچنین […]

Title:The International Guidelines on Urban & Territorial Planning

در اکتبر ۲۰۱۷، بخش بین‌المللی APA، بخش اورگان APA و ISOCARP کنفرانس مشترکی را در مورد شهرهای هوشمند برگزار کردند – موضوعی مهم برای شهرهای روستایی و مراکز بزرگ بین‌المللی. این جلسه به بررسی این موضوع می‌پردازد که چگونه رشد برای شهرهای کوچک و متوسط ​​و همچنین مکان‌های شهری چالش‌هایی ایجاد می‌کند و چگونه برنامه‌ریزان می‌توانند از مزایا استفاده کنند، اما همچنین به چالش‌های تغییرات سریع رسیدگی کنند. آیا علاقه مند به کسب اطلاعات بیشتر از کنفرانس هستید؟ “اهداف توسعه پایدار و دستور کار جدید شهری” را تماشا کنید: https://youtu.be/2hEDTtiuD5k

درباره بخش بین المللی APA و روز جهانی شهرسازی بیشتر بدانید:
https://www.planning.org/international/worldtown/ (برچسب ها به ترجمه)انجمن برنامه ریزی آمریکا

قسمتی از متن فیلم: Thank you all for coming I hope you had a good coffee break and I hope you’re all charged up with the caffeine in your system to have a good discussion in this session my name is Jibril Ansari I am the outgoing vice president of technical cooperation and projects of isoparm and

I in my day job the coordinator for the Okanagan design branch not even happy times in iMovie and it’s a pleasure to welcome everybody in this session we are going to talk about predominantly about this which is the international guidelines under the territorial planning which have been formulated by

You having that but not only this we want to get a range of views and other other instruments at the guidelines of the frameworks on urban planning and see how they how they mesh together you won’t heard the stories about cities we are here in this room very this

Conference because we do understand the stories about cities and about the organization and about how the world is hyper organizing and how is you know particularly the developing world etc what the numbers are so now I’m going to rehash those but but just to say that

There are two or three facts I mean coming to cover to what we’re going to talk about in this session there are two or three things that I’d like to draw your attention to I think the first one is something that not you know the search focus on last

And metropolitan areas and you know the vulnerability of large host cities etc that will forget that actually it is the small and medium towns which are facing the maximum growth in developing countries about 60 percent of urbanization is actually happening in small and intermediate sized cities and

These are the cities which have no capacities to manage this growth blind capacities is just one of those capacities that they don’t have but they all self-governance challenges their technology challenges try offering in a smart city solutions to a small municipality to go and be like what are

You talking about them just so I think it’s important to understand that that’s where the growth is happening that’s where the capacity challenges are I think a second challenge that we’re facing which I’d like to highlight this is plenty but I’d like to highlight is that urban and rural areas are kind of

Being managed and growing in very divergent ways it’s also in our minds if you’re if you talk about the rural areas you’ve seen this idea but if you talk about only urban you know you’ve seen as somehow undermining agricultural areas rural areas or broader regions development regions there’s a big debate

About this when we talk to men will you when we were formulating the new urban agenda as to why should we call it new urban agenda at all you know there should be something more regional something more how do you bring in the linkages etcetera so urban and rural how

Do you bring that whole spectrum of issues together because obviously they are symbiotic obviously they are related to each other then the challenges are intertwined how do you bring all that together is a second point and I’m going somewhere with this so bear with me I think the third challenge that I’d like

To talk about is also the fact that there is a divergence at different levels policy national policy economic policy urban policy where it excels regional policy often does not speak to metropolitan policy to urban development plans and policies at the local level and down absolutely down to the neighborhood

Levels there is no vertical integration forget about integration that has already worked in conversation in many countries between these different levels of levels of policies and plans and approaches so I think that’s something else that we are facing which is which is a big big big challenge and of course

These are the ones that you know my challenge is housing the challenge poverty the challenges of inequality inequality the challenges of you know poor access to services infrastructure so we don’t need to rehash those but still we have set a set of lofty goals for ourselves if you’ve been hearing

Since morning but also since those of you who were here since the weekend you also be hearing well sustainable development goals we talked about how it’s not just about SDG 11 which is the event goal which is relevant to us that it was much more than that many of the

Sustainable 17 sustainable development of 60 percent of the targets under the 17s DG’s have urban implications and the SDGs as a whole will not be realized until we start looking at urban areas in a much more holistic fashion we started pressing them in a much more holistic

Fashion this is where we want to go but you know planning was not the preferred route to get there for a long time in fact towards the end of the last century planning felt distinctly of a favor and so really the last 10 15 years that it’s really really captured that position of

Being a preferred instrument and be no preferred tool variety of reasons seen as an obstacle to development who’s seen as you know it was seen as being outdated seen as taking too long and therefore you know it was just not a preferred instrument to achieve any kind of development goals and even believe

You inhabit every child represent you today I can confess that until 2005 or 2006 really we had no room for planning we were not talking about planning at all we’ve got my housing we don’t want slum upgrading you were talking with basic services but I would have

Management and governance but we did not see planning as an essential element of those of those things it’s only since 2006 world have been forum in Vancouver between 10 and 2016 the habitat three countries of planning really change center stage and as part of that coming

Center stage we are now at a moment where we have the new urban agenda which has what as we said in the morning 70 plus substantive references to plans and planning one third of the section on effective implementation and big ones are not not numerically one-third but

Much larger Dominica is on ten they are the parties are in finance and governance but really planning takes the center of it so we are we’re back in business but this is the vision and how do we get there and one of the tools to get there is this the international guidelines and

Open territorial planning which were formulated with ISO card support and in fact one of the drivers of these guidelines the idea is that when you have a small town and planning practition a solitary Lonely Planet practitioner sitting in a small city or a small town and he says you know this

Is great let’s see jeez you aren’t been agendas and my framework humanitarian summit whatever whatever okay so all these intimidating international agendas what am I going to do with them how do I translate them into my reality give me a simple set of guidelines and this is where the simple set of

Guidelines comes into the picture this is going to as I said form the basis for discussion but not they not oh not the whole or the frame of our discussion but not the be-all and end-all of this discussion we have a battle here today that will be talking about the

Guidelines but also talk about other frameworks other approaches that I would read for similar values and principles and we’d like to see where the synergies are and where the you know where the matchups are and we’d also like to explore maybe some initiatives or projects really from the bottom up from

The ground to see how these guidelines can actually be translated so in that didn’t doubt further taking up any more time it’s my pleasure to introduce the panel we have here today Andrea or you Anna my colleague she is the tax manager for the International guidelines in new

Inhabitant she’s an architect and urban planner from Honduras the Netherlands and is now based in Nairobi in Kenya for the past year or so on the far right nice how the women to frame this discussion helen-alice 10,000 specialists also a spatial development expert at a scale international in sweden has been poking

Particularly on the sea by austin t approach which were very keen to learn about and to see how the synergies are with our own work as worked in Asia and Africa and has done in her time in difficult places like Afghanistan and even Myanmar at the moment which is

Increasingly becoming a difficult place again Lori’s my good friend from the danced University technology is the head of the department level design regional planning also vice prez I’m going vice president VP for another 24 hours just like me and I so current managing the young professionals program but also the

President of the society polish town planners and piata will be talking to us about the European approaches in a leap seat charter the European urban agenda what are the values one of them what are the big essential elements within those that resonate with with the guidelines

Or not and last also works with you inhabitant one this is the odd one out on this table because he’s not an architect not a planner but he is background in something very important that planners often lack which is announced and which is communications both further which are essential skills

That we often lack say an international development Pontus works with prices related to digital technology so actually these are smart cities guy we should all not even be care he should be representing your habitats in this conference I work some public space in works and Twitter participation and he he coordinates and

A very innovative program could block by block in your habitat which works with Minecraft you know the video gave minecraft and works with young people to actually help design and redesign their own parking spaces so you will talk a little bit about how you translate these abstract global agendas through these

Slightly less abstract guidelines to actually projects on the ground so I’d like to now give the floor to Andrea who will take us through how the guidelines were developed what they are about what what they contain and we take it from there Thanks so thanks shipra for that very comprehensive introduction so now

That we have the background what we’re dealing with worldwide as planners I’m gonna take you a bit through the basics of the guidelines so what really are they a super set the basis of global reference framework and they were approved in 2015 by you and habitats Member States so the guys have been

Around for a couple of years now and they were developed in order to improve policies plans designs and implementation processes so inside of them inside this little blue book we have here you may find five Universal goals twelve principles and 140 recommendations on how to get there they are also

Available in 11 languages which is a big part of its dissemination and they are also UN habitats most popular tool slash publication we could say with over more than 100,000 downloads since their release and so in essence they are we could say a framework that works across multiple levels

It is multi-stakeholder as you can see in the graphic actually they are addressed to four stakeholder groups national governments local authorities planning professionals and their associations and members of civil society so we always say that the guidelines are for everybody and that everybody should take part in their implementation and because of this

Multi-level multi-stakeholder spirit they enabled working across sectors but there are many frameworks out there with this sort of principles in mind so what is really new about this set of guidelines there are two key things about them and it’s that they bring forth two concepts to the planning table

Let’s say so first is the establishment of an integrated approach to planning because we’re working across different levels with multiple actors with multiple sectors and the second thing is their territorial approach so I mean we’re talking to planners in the room and all of those challenges shipra

Mentioned at the beginning are as you know not usually constrained to an urban boundary I mean air quality doesn’t stay within the city it goes out all the way to the rule so as planners we are advocating for now to work across all of this spatial planning continuum

Meaning all the way from urban to rural and under the context of this come of smart community smart planning well we’ve heard today that smile can be many things so it is often or popularly interpreted as the use of technologies to inform and support urban development but under the spirit of the guidelines

Smart refers to planning that is comprehensive that is collective that is inclusive healthy and well-informed just to name a few characteristics so on the one hand they do try to take advantage of today’s technological innovations for example at Habitat we are producing a series of resources that are being developed as eTools

To to get them out there to the public and to facilitate their use by the public such as an a mobile app and online database which I will talk about a bit later and on the other hand the guidelines are advocating for smart planning in the sense that they strive

To achieve intelligent well-informed decision making and formulation of policies of plans of designs take it into account those principles of sustainable development we’ve all said for each other and placing people at the heart of planning so that’s the most important thing about the guidelines that people are at the heart and

Basically that’s who we are working for so the guidelines are an opening to embrace both of these concepts and merge them into one common vision creating a new type of planning practice that we’re calling aiming towards more integrated and territorial planning approaches so where are the guidelines now so the

Guidelines so far since their approval in 2015 have been in this sort of preparation mode where we’ve been working on collecting inspiring practices on on developing learning tools carrying out trainings and setting up a monitoring framework but more importantly the guidelines are now moving towards application so as I said

All of these tools are being released and trainings are being carrying out in countries to sort of take those guidelines to implementations so some on this list I mean goes on but this is some examples of the areas were working on and some of the countries in which we’re working on

As well so the guidelines can be many things but more importantly I think it’s time to start talking about what can the guidelines do for us as learners and also what we can do for the guidelines as I said before the guidelines are for everybody so I think yeah it’s time to

Start breaking down what we can actually do with this sort of universal principles so that’s it first let’s start with the positive side of it so there are several advantages and opportunities that can emerge from now having a sort of universal guidance on how to do planning we could say that

This is the added value of the guidelines so first they are drawing on more than 100 years of planning evidence this is not one ad hoc document but instead it’s a condensed and evidence-based collection from around the world they are also what we are not calling a collective voice for planning

Not only do they provide with the innovation as you can see that is very explicit but now they bring her common language to the table in which planners can talk to civil society and also with governments then this universal character of the guidelines can fast track cross-border cooperation for

Planning for doing development for doing monitoring and evaluation as well and even more importantly and some and something that our standards we must never forget is that the guidelines consider that each context is different and that planning requires often pragmatism so they do need they do

Consider the need to adapt this sort of general global principles to the local situation because in the end all the institutional arrangements all the local culture all the local leaders in place are what really influence what works on the ground so localizing is of course very important and they are also a

Continuous learning one when you apply the guidelines you learn by doing and then these principles are moving from local to policy level and then back so it’s kind of like a continuous process so that’s it the guidelines are a systematic approach that enable us to look at different

At the same time through this multi-level multi-stakeholder multi-sector model they provide for our channel for supporting an integrated implementation of the sustainable development goals and the nearby agenda so with all of that their proposal of sub national corporation and bull achievement is actually something we can

Use to bring also those who are not exclusively related to urban development to the table and something really interesting if you were at last year’s ISO card where we had a training session on the guidelines well this is where everybody said they found the added

Value you can see the biggest part is on the integration part but as I said this is something we learned by doing so when you apply the guidelines in your own context you may find out you may discover other areas in which the guidelines will have a significant

Contribution to your line of work and to doing integrated development so now let’s go a bit to the what happens if we don’t use them let’s say what are we gonna miss out so if we continue business as usual we will still encounter this challenge of the lack of

Coordination that US planners must face all the time so we will continue with lack of coordination and of course the continued risk of polarization so we really have to start talking to each other that means missing out on synergies as well and really not doing collaboration and missing synergies might mean continued

Duplication everybody working in parallel but not really talking to each other and ultimately this will just lead to the risk of not achieving our target study we don’t talk to each other we might not get to those goals we so neatly set up for us so what can you do

For the guidelines there are many things groups institutions and even individuals can do for the guidelines the first part is that if you haven’t heard about them and now you did in this session you can raise awareness and advocate for them so you saw that they are available in 11

Languages because people have come out to translate them to their local languages to host a session and just spread the word basically you we have an ongoing collection of inspiring practices as you saw earlier so document and share those experiences and become part of that collection because sharing

This knowledge and what people are doing and how they have overcome a challenge I think it’s the most important part of this learning model you can also support tool development as I said they are now moving towards a more intensive application and different scales and between different sectors so you can

Test this tools you can provide feedback to us and sort of India and validate all of these tools you can habitat is developed in the part of planning education we’ve had people come out to prepare a guidelines module to consider them in the courses or you can even

Carry out a guidelines training for planners but also for non planners we are addressing multiple stakeholder groups here you can also pile up the guidelines in your country in your city in your workplace we are talking about and it’s something that you will see later on we’re talking about public

Space or when you’re doing planning for health when you’re working on urban rural linkages that’s a rhetorical phone-ins of the guidelines Pilate then we also have this monitoring framework and we actually every two years carry out this global survey I’m planning to see how people are doing so take a part

Of the survey it’s not difficult as learners you are the best people to say how planning is doing in your context and also I think this is the easiest part just stay in touch we have started a mailing list that has now like 600 people so tell us your story and we will

Send you updates on how the guidelines are doing so as we are now saying just be a champion there are many many options that as an individual as a planner as an institution as a government you can do so take part of this work I’m going to use back use

Andreas balance two minutes on her presentation of just 30 seconds of those to look back into the three challenges that I laid out you know the exploding small and medium cities with low capacity the the divergence and the lack of vertical integration this is where the old urban

And tell total planning approach and this is where the guidelines that address multiple scales sectors and stakeholders actually come into play and that is the that’s the kind of justifications that are building up duels okay without further ado if you’d like to tell us about the sagacity approach thank you should Brennan Thank

You Andrea very happy to be here today it’s and be part of this very interesting discussion on how to localize the global agendas and the agreements that we have to actually lead the Urban development’s globally and you can also see a lot of linkages and synergies between the different

Approaches in between the different guidelines already so there will be a lot of words repeated three have already mentioned my name is Alana and I’m representing is Care International which the English translation is sonner the Swedish Association of local authorities in regions in Sweden and SQL international is has a mission to

Support decentralization and local democracy local governance on an international level and we’re working May with support from cedar the Swedish International Development Corporation agency and we are working at different projects globally Europe Africa Asia in the Middle East and since 2010 SK International has taken the lead to actually work with the simplicity

Approach the approach has been developed over a long period of years and it’s actually originally Swedish research project of how to work in a more sustainable way in Swedish municipalities and those learnings over almost 20 years together with international experiences from different context has led to the development of

This approach and the methodology and to be very just short to try to explain shortcuts in this it’s just a word a study you can say that it’s a framework and a tool to enable sustainable development and I think as I were I mentioned that we see a lot of synergies

And a lot of complementarity with other guidelines and also approaches so it’s an approach which is also framing a process I would say so the aim of the approach is really to guide and give tools to support sustainable development processes and it’s also based on the idea of turning opportunities instead of

Looking at problems looking at opportunities and assets in different cities and turn that into possibilities to see what we have and what we can actually do with it and have a vision based approach to development so there are several ongoing simplicity initiatives from our side so build international

Training programs but also more hands-on development projects so at the moment we’re having simulated programs in Zambia Colombia Ethiopia Tunisia Myanmar in Kenya which supports the local processes and the local implementations of the agendas so for us this is the approach this is the focus of our

Approach cities are for people it’s the people that we should put in the center in the heart and then we have been trying to elaborate and develop a tool to actually do that to achieve that and to work with a local context and local adaptation so this also means that if

We’re gonna plan and develop cities for people we need also to involve the people that are the enables of development and the people that actually constitutes urban development meaning different actors meaning different stakeholders meaning that we need to have a proper perspective in our processes we need to have a gender and

Equity perspective in everything we do and in the different different processes that we are working so in simplicity approach the local ownership is the key and the local context is the key so it’s not an approach with one solution or one technical solution or guidance to how

Much how we’re going to go forward so it’s actually to look at the local context and look at what are the existing structured a local solutions that we can enable through this methodology and that means that we need to draw out examples from best practices International that they actually also

Guide this development and these processes it also means that it’s about strengthen existing structures and processing and it’s not about introducing new ones or parallel ones it’s also means that we need to look at both informal and formal sector it’s also nee means that political ownership and leadership is a key factor

For this development and to move things into the right direction so for that reason in our projects we normally also work with the local government our partners are normally the cities in the different countries and what the simplicity approach actually aim to achieve name to support is to make

Change happen so it’s also to actually set up the steering committees to set up the working groups that represent different actors and different silos in the different cities that we are working in so it’s actually through the processes that we are working in through the different action projects we are

Also implementing the change and trying to see both other ways forward and to reach the development that we want to reach to get away from this and to start to work together involves vertical vertical and horizontal level meaning both if you look into a municipal aspect you looking working between the

Different departmental of the municipalities but it also means to enable and to ensure that you have the link between national level local level Tooting also citizens and this is the approach the theoretical approach so what we actually are focusing on is the people in the central development looking at life quality health livable

Cities and then trying to break that out into three different aspects of sustainability and localized still three aspect of sustainability what does that mean in this context in this city and this definition is then guiding us through the whole process looking into urban systems institutional factors and

Special aspects so this is the core model to actually work throughout other processes to ensure that we are looking at the different aspects of urban development from AB environment urban planning urban management and to also include all these three core aspects throughout our different work tools and methodologies and what’s very

Significant for symbian city is also the iterative process so it’s not a linear process the aim is actually to look into these aspects of development these solutions in in a process that actually turns over and over time so it’s not a linear process it’s not a static process it

Means that everything that we do have to be reconsidered if we are formulating addition we need to follow up that vision and we need to make that happen and we need also to evaluate the mission and this oceans that meets this vision so to simplify it a little bit these circles

This every loop is divided into six steps defining and organizing the process diagnosis of current situation objectives working with scenarios and alternative proposals analyze impacts and also looking at the implementation of follow-up and then what what this what the tools are actually consisting of are different methods and different

Tools but feedings to all these different steps but will lead us and guide us in these cabinet allotment processes so for example when it comes to participation in participatory tools walkthrough evaluations for example we have also a bad fasting model looking into how we can achieve the vision going

Back to see what are the different steps that we need to take when it comes both institutional and activities to actually reach that vision so it’s this is to just explain explain the toolbox and what’s actually the approach is containing in terms of tools but it’s

Not easy to explain this in this short time so okay so looking at self Anderson basically being useful then how can we use the approach in different processes so throughout the years that he has been working with this approach and the types of development projects has been

Different so it’s both looking into new developments new development of unique new to sustainable areas it’s also renewing and upgrading of existing areas it’s improving new comprehensive and city wide strategies and plan plans it can also be to revise sixties things plan and also to support the development into

Sustainable direction but it has also been very much to support national policies and also to look into investment and financing and the outputs of these processes these are some examples so it’s fitting into urban sustainability reviews that is a document reviewing the existing situation slightly like a diagnosis you

Could say developing our my visions and strategies of for solutions and quick impact products transformative products but also looking into oven management and maintenance just some examples from from the field and now we are working with this with the Eco cycle models participatory events and processes including women kids different parts of

The society working with sustainable lifestyles and behavioral changes urban gardening for example yeah at least I wanted to mention but these are just some example of what the outputs actually is from the from the approach and what we can reach together I just wanted to give you one on a quote from a

Warning for neck that we worked on in in China that also explains the outcome of using this methodology so the the the final product that we were supposed to work on was highly discussed in the beginning bicycle lanes will was one option that was discussed in the beginning but the

Discussion then led very much into that because of the topography it won’t be possible and and obstacles of the everyday world was very much limiting the process of developing the most sustainable option for mobility in City but throughout this process we were looking at existing existing situation

The vision of the city the objectives of the city and what they actually wanted to achieve and in the end bicycle lanes which are essentially the final proposal when we actually looked into different synergies of different kind of urban systems when we looked into health aspects were related to equity and space

The bicycle lanes actually was the product that was implemented and today is an integrated part of the city in this way so going back to what we talked about today and I just wanted to conclude to say that that we see a lot of linkages between the different agendas between the different guidelines

Between the different approaches but from from our experience and from our perspective looking at the local assets looking at the local finances and looking at the local possibilities is really the way forward to make change happen and to also include all and stakeholders that are there that are

Part of urban development already they just need to be but different approach and before we start the quick question who here has seen the famous movie Pulp Fiction rise your hand okay what is interesting about Europe does anybody remember quarter pounder with cheese which means little differences right so

Little difference I’m going to speak about slightly different approach to that what we are discussing today which means the metric system because and everything but I’m actually going to speak about slightly different approach towards shaping the policy and how we are actually trying to do that in Europe

This is still in the making and this is a very interesting stage to talk about that but before I go to that I have to say that we have over seven years of discussion about was actually sustainable development is going to be allowed so this is quite a

Long history we actually started that with 1990 we really great paper on urban environment which has been introduced cross EU and since then there was quite a few initiatives and just to give you a couple of the landmarks about that making that for our Charter on sustainable cities and towns clay well

New Athens charter free editions of the whole document which were edited by my city we eat by ectp which is European Council of town planners 1998 thousand three and 2014 the famous live sea charter unsustainable European cities 2007 when to a declaration 2014 regarding developmental for my areas and

Please the highlight of the whole process European agenda 2016 which is right now under implementation I mean under implementation means that the final shaking so to speak so we have quite so to speak a long history about that so there’s one little difference the second little difference about our

Is that we actually are focusing not on issues which have been discussed before only also we look at planning and planners which is interesting but maybe because of the fact that some of these documents have been actually shaved about planners and we plan is laughs to

Talk about planners so this is why we are doing that and actually since 2003 this new role for planners and dysentery process has been widely discussed and within this New York instructor in example there are whole chapters associated with what planners should do how they should behave how good

All these issues and answer also on an adult we are running by animation of course but that means that actually within Europe we do recognize that there are people who are actually supposed to deal with these things and these people are lamps and first thing which is also

Very important is that so we have quite quickly moved from just recognizing issues and problems towards shaping some sort of comprehensive approach and I guess the for representation from my colleague from Sweden was a perfect example that how this actually is being discussed and implemented through some sort of comprehensive planning exercises

Which lead towards shaping the final vision for the whole thing so it is said the whole thing has quite long story and I’m not gonna go into the details of all of those things before probably this will take another a couple of other I’m saying the ship platform but at least

With that but I would like you to understand that this is a kind of very long process which is actually happening and actually the recognition of those needs of the development of the new development paradigms responding to the cultural and societal needs of the present and future generations has been

On the other end of things so that means that over 20 years ago or almost 20 years ago I mean it was already there so it was already discussed and as well so this is nothing new from that point of view secondly the new vision for cities how

The cities should look like has been discussed since 2003 so that means we started to look at that what our citizen your but also understanding that Valley View is actually very diversified and reached permanent system that we have not only big metropolitan areas possible and medium-sized cities and the presence and

Sustaining their development is one of the key issues regarding tuned so this actually has been on the other end of sense as I said 2003 and in addition to that we have started to discuss some sort of core values which should be taken into account when they when

Discussing the future of our agenda and this actually has been started in 2007 starting with this famous lapsus charter or for sustainable European cities what the simplest thing is that this was developed by EU member steps other the German presidency at that time so that’s why it was in Leipzig in Germany in

Eastern Germany actually so the idea was to focus on developing guidelines and getting them implemented so it was not only about setting the political map but also to look at how this can be implemented to promote integrated rural development which that time was so popular and extensively still is not

Popular but that means you’re not only talking about about space but we are talking about all the other aspects how this house basis shaped functioning and working and what are the factors and stakeholders and all the other people and institutions involved with that but that also was what you

Think on promoting sustainable spatial development of cities so that means we also talked about learning about physical planning and how to employ physical planning in the process of shaping sustainable spatial development cities based on the centralized organ system this is very interesting think again again we are not talking

About the little pointed areas and some huge functional areas only but we are looking at small medium sized cities really really recognizing the value of smaller communities in this entire process of course this was coming from the understanding that Europe is slightly different many of the other continents regarding our urban system

But I think this is an interesting approach which also could be discussed in our context as to as according to my personal belief we are talking too much frequently about only 2.1 areas and only everything’s like big scale and but you know I mean the small and medium-sized communities also are

And I hope I’m not mistaken if I was if I’m quoting another famous quote from one of the u.s. movies from the West Side Story this time which says everything is big we all think big right I mean big cities big regions big areas I mean big fan of

Big functional zones when you travel from one end of the city to another it takes hours right and in the case of Europe between hours you can actually cross the whole country right I mean this is so that’s why this different approach on smaller communities on both smaller villages and cities really

Recognized as entity as anything on its own is also a very important thing and also taking into account its thinking about Davis sustainable development as such is an important issue likely structure we also had some two very important recommendations embedded in this document the first one because two useful harder extend is integrated

Approach to development which we already discussed but also there was another thing which was focusing on crisis areas in context of the city is unity but crisis areas it not only mean areas in social process but also brownfield redevelopment it also means areas which need a phenomenal government areas which need

To be redeveloped but what is very interesting not only to think about the size themselves within the context of the entire of that entire city bound within the declaration regarding urban areas which I’m not gonna talk about because she plays a little looking at her phone so I’d like to focus on the

On the final part of that which is European urban agenda because in 2016 which is the part to consider this is the newest development in the whole role of the whole of the European urban policy and posture Burmese it’s not such a big document you can read it in I

Guess in every language which is represented in this in this room here but actually it’s based it’s the idea of the parts of Amsterdam is you get to focus on three political pillars on providing better regulation better funding and better knowledge creation and dissemination so that means EU has

Understood that in order to make cities sustainable and in order to make cities compact and in order to do all those things which we talked about so far between the last 20 years we have to first of all get better regulation and in many cases this regulation is implementing sometime European

Approaches towards towards urban development and planning the second thing is we need to get better funding and financial instruments regarding stimulating the development again Europe has a lot of experience with funding verbal projects but apparently they are not good enough are they who have been finished like in example the Global

Initiative which had a couple of projects implemented in Europe and the family we need better knowledge we need covering knowledge we need dissemination haulage and all this kind of defense which is there I mean Europe has many organizations universities we are creating this kind of but definitely it

Is not dissimilar entity good enough in order to make the whole thing and the focus in this case is focused on integrated approach towards the center of development and again there are 12 priority areas which within which the whole thing is supposed to be implemented and this is a very

Interesting thing you know because it was suddenly about talking about those three pillars three political pillars but also the idea was to translate was free political pillars into real into real priority areas and to see how these can be developed and what the simplest thing is not only the choices was

Priority areas but also the way of how to work on them and the idea was to work on the not drive by some schools of experts but for so-called partnerships so we are right now have 12 working partnerships which should be each of them is being coordinated by a different

Entity it can be hybrid a municipality or a member state with participation of non-governmental organizations the universities and other entities which can help in developing of that and one of them is actually sustainable land use and nature based solution this world club and the other ones are associated

With inclusion of migrants and refugees every conceivable poverty housing circular economy jobs and qualifications climate change transforming energy systems over mobility digitally Digital cities and innovative to responsible public procurement which is interesting about regulation funding and all the other things has to change today there is sort of a whole set of

Horizontal issues identified like in example in fact abandoned government cross border cross administrative management reasonably strategic City Planning and so on there’s quite many of those items and as I said what you seem to think is the most 12 priorities not being implemented by 12 vertices which

Are working right now so if any of you are from any EU Member State or if you want or if you are in an NGO which has a chance to become part of the process please look carefully because this could be very interesting one of those partners you’re gonna come out with it

And you’re not gonna come out with topics which have to be dealt with but they also are supposed to produce in the end an action plan so in the end of the whole process like mid next year or end next year which is an mm indeed we might

Actually have a site of 12 action plans regarding each of those and also they will be coordinated between them to themselves via by European Union and so right okay so shoot she goes home is another person is working so just to add on that I can say that this whole

Process is being happening right now and it’s very interesting to watch what will be the results and how this will be implemented I mean again what you seem to think about Europe is this little difference to us which means that we have a number of the longer space and the different approach towards

Implementing the results of the whole thing but even if this is not implemented europe-wide still the results which we get might be extraordinary importance and might sensibly contribute to the debate they might be also taking into account by human habitats when actually thinking about implementing the new one in your

Manager at least I can say that many of those things are different for more than twenty twelve years actually we are developing nationwide contests for best public space which is beginning was meant in sort of number of the good examples of that how this problem should

Be solved so it’s just like little thing in this big ocean of problems but this is actually a part of the game which is very important to be discussed implemented and actually when you are talking about all those things through projects like this you actually go to

The reality to the thoughts and in spirit and aspirations of those communities so I think this is a good thing to finish with a perfect segue to our last presentation which is my focus on projects on the ground you know helping to determine the international guidelines and several of the other

Approaches being piloted in you inhabitant yes thank you as chipper said I’m not a planner I’m an economist but also digital technology specialist but I’ll be working for more than five years at U habitat and work the lower planners from local authorities of the world I’m going to talk about you and habitats

Public space work how we use committed participation in in that work and when we’re looking at the main principles of their or the planning guidelines what is patreon making the page we purchase is speed and very simplified this is kind of how are you on habitat sees Urban Development the government’s role

Compact cities segregated segregation for integration congested cities too many cities and public spaces is key to that you and habitats global public space program has been active since about 2011 2012 it’s got three main aims to create a big global network on with partners working on public space physical construction and upgrading of

Public spaces in collaboration with local authorities and knowledge sharing advocacy and communications and when it comes to the network we have lots of lost apartments we work with local authorities work with the private sector we work with NGOs we work with other UN agencies and some of our partners are

Right here on the on the screen we also have ongoing projects in about 25 countries about 4550 projects on every continent but with a main focus on Africa and Asia and I guess I don’t really have to talk about the importance of public space to a roomful of planners

But it really impacts on health and well-being on environment on integration social issues and so on and of course in terms of therefore the guidelines without adequate public space you can’t have comments and done cities from our perspective public space is basically everything that is not private space in

City so on top of traditional public spaces like squares and parks and so on we also consider the street network pavements the way that people move around the city is important and we have a target which is that well-planned cities should have about 50% of the surface areas public space and when I

Say 50% that’s about 35% streets and payments and 15% other public spaces like squares parks and playgrounds and of course most cities are not like that here’s an example in California one of those commuter towns outside San Francisco come Saks no payments most people are driving works

In the Bay Area and driving back and don’t so much interaction with the neighbors they’re spending a lot of time in their cars here’s another example from Nairobi where I lived on one side we’ve got a slum on the other side you’ve got the gated community lack of integration

Another example from South Holland you’ve got the highway separating the informal settlement from that high-rise more upper-class neighborhood on one side you probably have a lot of community but almost no public space on the other side you have more public space but perhaps not community so for us the city is for people

This is perhaps the the traditional planning process from the last century where you stopped the buildings traffic and then think about the life we want to turn it around and start with the life don’t think about space so I’m going to talk about two things that we’re doing

To ensure that we bring the life into public space planning one of them is methodology for community led citywide public space assessments that we have started doing in in African cities we’ve done it in their OB in Kenya implemented Cameroon and other South at the opium

And we’re soon going to launch it also in Johannesburg South Africa and Levant or in Mongolia there’s a lot of interest from our local government partners to work with us – ouch – what it is is a community process we train citizens often students in a in a data collection

Application we used to sell them open source called tools called Kobo toolbox and basically that allows us to go out into the city use a mobile app to both collect qualitative data about the quality the state public spaces as well as spatial spatial in quantitative data to be able to map

Out where the public spaces are in there in cities and this the helps our local authority partners to develop citywide public space strategies this is what we end up with this is for others at the park so we end up with lots of information all the public spaces in

Relation to things like safety and security comfort access to other services street networks and so on and many other parts of the world where we work the state that just doesn’t exist here’s an example for example from Nairobi which is quite interesting it’s safety perception in in public space I guess not

Surprisingly most public spaces are much safer in their day in the night but essentially what we do is we go out and ask people in those public spaces about their perception of safety and using this methodology then we were able to work out that Nairobi has seven-point 43

Square meters of green space the World Health Organization recommendation is that cities should have 9 square meters per capita per per person and this then enables Nairobi to start planning how it can increase the amount of green space that you can see the other thing that I

Want to talk about is an approach where we used Minecraft the video game for community participation it’s actually starts right here this is a typical public meeting for I think it’s for the city plan of Houston in the in the US and if you look at a picture

The people that come to these meetings tend to be older it’s another meeting in a different part of the world it’s my colleague Rasmus was meeting community leaders from an informal settlements in in Haiti can you see any young people here there is actually a boy that’s

Standing in the corner here behind that resume insists is done but from the picture you can see that it’s very unlikely that this little boy will have their the confidence to actually speak out in this kind of side any women there are actually two women ins in this

Picture and I think you can see pretty clearly from their positions that they’re also very unlikely to be able to have their opinion hardens so that was the kind of starting points how can we get young people as a as the first thing but also other hard to reach groups

Involved in community participation processes and actually thinking about how thinking about youth is not the kind of minor concern this is the population pyramid for Kenya where I live as you can see way more than half population are under the age of 30 so this is really important and it looks like this

In most countries so they’re on the global some so we use my cut who we have to play minecraft all right a few whose kids start playing it right a few more it’s basically one of the world’s most popular video games I think the latest figures are something like 140 million

People have bought it they have every month about 40 million people logging in to play in September so last month it was the third most played video game in the US and that is after it’s been out for about seven years it’s huge huge huge huge community essentially what it is I

Would say is like digital Lego you have digital blocks that you can place in basically an endless world and when you start thinking about it becomes much more than a game it’s more like your basic three-dimensional architectural sketching tool and here are some examples of stuff that the Minecraft

Community you get together on servers all over the world have have built in in terms of that kind of architecture the first one you’ve got a server called the Manhattan Project which is a recreational 1930s New York second one I think you recognize the Eiffel Tower so

Some people have faced to go together to build all Paris in Minecraft the third one is a toga and Central Station and number four and you want anyone watch Game of Thrones its King’s Landing it’s a server called Westeros crafts where they basically build all of the Game of

Thrones world in Minecraft it’s a fantastic community and it’s a fantastic fantastic tool and what we’ve done since 2012 is that we have a collaboration with the company that makes minecraft mudang they were actually bought two years ago by by Microsoft and we call this block by block and actually in the

Last year and a half who started together with them a foundation called the block-by-block Foundation which does fundraising with the Minecraft community for public space implementation work how does it work so as I said we’ve done about 45 projects in 45 countries so I’m going to illustrate this with different examples

From different parts of the world first we take plans and joys and information about the public space that the operator this is an example from a square in Mexico City called Plaza lexpark we then give that to a group of Minecraft so we’ve hired minecraft players all over the world to work with

Us they then build a three-dimensional Minecraft model of of the space so here you can see at the top you’ve got the original picture and then at the bottom you’ve got the micro well it’s a bit bulky there it’s not exactly correct but you can immediately recognize the space

In there we find where we work that people go into this three-dimensional world and they recognize their environment immediately and can start working then we run workshops there are typically two to five days they start with the site visit go out and look at them at the site that we’re that is

Under discussion we go into a room and we have a community meeting we discuss the pros and cons what are the challenges with this particular space perhaps write it down so this is in a yogya and then we provide training and how to build in and it’s super super

Easy you basically walk around with the arrow keys on your keyboard with the mouse one click places a block the other one breaks it kids in the Middle East start playing after about five minutes they start building when we’re working with with with people informal settlements in Africa that perhaps has never used

Computers before it takes two to three hours but certainly the second day of every workshop everyone is building away and are able to start basically coming up with with three-dimensional sketches for how to improve them that public space it’s guy here in the middle who’s being helped by these young young boys

Is Matata driver a bus driver from from Kenya he’d never used computers before but you can see the concentration and the really interesting thing also mixing different ages in this way that you get the young people teaching the older people how to do it and you

Have to end up you end up with this kind of intergenerational communication here’s another example from a project that we did it in in Hanoi Vietnam with about 50 teenage girls this is from from Easter Salam Palestine also working with with teenagers and this is what you kind of

End up with so this is a part site that a group of people did in in Lima Peru safe crossing from from coastal ping pong table from Nepal cafe facilities also from from Kosovo and then at the end we invite stakeholders usually representatives from the local government planners sometimes we get the

Mayor to come down and then the participants presents their work and their ideas to that group of stakeholders and then we use a fairly simple table where we write down all the different ideas and we’re able to prioritize them and come to a consensus on all the different services and ideas

That should be included in the kind of final design we use the table and then we take that stuff and we give it to a professional architect or urban designer who translates it into real actionable designs technical drawings that we can use to actually implement the public

Spaces and then we fill it yeah this was costly we reduced you know it’s it yeah excellent its it should be ready in about one month this one is from from Lebanon invariance so just to finish to say that block-by-block foundation has a website which is bla

Bla bla bla or you can go and check out the workday thank you very much thank you see you as you can see there are plenty of common common threads common themes emerging I won’t go into them straightaway but we have some time for discussion questions answers I already

See one hand there one more we’ll take a few at a time three okay let’s take these three are one just introduce yourself please and then No just place it and then we’ll want to take it forward and then I’ll collect a few questions thank you yes we’ll be happy to take that question on the global dimensions and NPR can respond to this the last of this round at least presentation by a black block

Foundation what what have you seen in the realm of disaster risk reduction both pre-imposed disaster as far as using those tools for mitigation and building properly and not building in certain areas very good let’s start with those three and then we’ll take another round Pontus you want to go first you have a

Number of questions observations addressed to you and then PR ER and then any general feedback this is one way to communities co-create a new urban design that is way too – it’s a way to encourage communication between ordinary people in those in those kind of settings we had a recent

Project where we were rebuilding public spaces in Benghazi in politics just outside Kathmandu happy to share some experiences from that particular project of worship I think promotion for missus counts of in front what was happening in common but a less responsive general comment which means the adaptation to the new realities I

Think we only think in the world which is constantly changing and the speed of change is increasing you know so we might actually have a situation that any more living in like seven or ten years economic cycles but only weakness cycles which lasts for one months on that

Building before so I mean the only response to that is that we have better integrated planning and so again you know but the very very valid is Eisenhower fence quote it’s everything this is basically what the whole thing is about regarding the future of original planning in Poland

Are your federal rate of that’d actually the entire Central and Eastern European law of the original planning has been like completely forgotten because it was perceived a lot of oppression from the system and in case of Poland we actually do have the situation that right now we realize the reality we have produced

Through that it’s not what we wanted so to speak right and this is kind of general perception that this is not what he wanted and we’re also looking at this European examples of approaches the comprehensive binding in order to overcome the shortcomings of this this approach which is before but also to

Overcome this lack of of my original planning but not through reinstalling the original planning as it was or as it was supposed to be but for actually looking at the functional areas important areas and all this kind of mes we basically are identified through some presence of the common problems or

Common features and for that we are able to actually plan for both there is an ongoing debate right now and although a reform actually of the planning system in Poland nobody knows shameful because that was being imposed it’s extremely complicated you know performing anything to make things

Complicated and finally you know I mean in case opponents may have a plan to organization and this is something which is actually not entirely true because I mean we have what was probably which which was actually planted we don’t find what we cut so this is the case and

Saying that you like things designed by position vice versa unfortunately we got cities without an italian-style and without any German precision this is problematic and for them that’s how about looking at European examples and lessons also okay thank you very much just on that please don’t panic question earlier and I think

That’s a general trend that we’ve thrown on regional planning even in India and other parts be actually thrown out regional planning and now we’re rediscovering it through this whole territorial approach you know and working at different scales in different territories and combining rural you know but it’s really trying to do regional

Planning without the challenges and the problems of regional planning so I think we’ll be revisiting that I want to go to Elena I think also to address the answers question which which I get habitat for also I think take but also looking at can guidelines like these address the larger capacity building

Challenge of you know having national urban policies and a balanced national approach and get the symbiote city approved for example assist with that yeah I think I would like to connect a charge with the first question because it’s very much about the local host sustainability Oh what all of us are

Actually doing and I mean what we are facing a lot in our projects it’s also the lack of capacity political interests and a lot of local complexities that also make the implementation of their genders very very difficult and challenging so I mean to look at the institutionalization of the processes

And also as I mentioned before that to evolve different kind of stakeholders and actually to set up permanent systems and structures that can continue over a longer period of time so not only groups working into specific projects but also to institutionalize news stakeholder groups and communities that can work

Together also in a long-term perspective in addition to tend to also find working measured the main methods that can actually reinforce the work that is being done and is through the local governments and also through municipalities on everyday basis so it’s actually to also fight everyday tools methodologies to work on everyday basis

Also to recognize leadership on on all levels I would say so it’s not also always about political leadership but also leadership on on one local level also have the perspective of training of trainers and learning by doing so it’s actually supporting already ongoing processes and to support where the

Challenge is actually arise and to Devon see how we can implement the different recommendations on the agenda very good Thank You Andrea some comments on national level policies or the implementation guidelines at different levels we work so far we’ve been liking that sort of backbone that sort of structure to sort of translate

All of these actions as we say into the bigger picture so but lately we’ve had so much momentum and that sort of like now there’s presentation that you’re supposed to work on all of these policies plans designs strategies and the processes themselves in order to ensure that when

You’re working at the local level this goes up or when you’re working at the policy level then you start going down so that’s the spirit of the guidelines and it’s something that habitat we sort of say sometimes you you have to have an entry point I know it sounds so

Difficult to say how can I work at the national level than the regional than the municipal than the neighborhood but just look for that entry point as I said we have this very good thank you any further question starts from the floor to the last two minutes Robert we are

Actually over time so it’s not even two minutes okay I’m not going to try and summarize but very quickly to just pick out a few phrases that came in all the presentations and in the some of the comments that you offer it number one trying to put people at the center I

Think that was a that was something that came out of all the all the presentations the second one was that leadership is key in an registry enforced that political leadership but also community leadership civic leadership civil society leadership you know and finding that leadership in the

Champions is key the third in terms of integration jurisdictional coordination you called it but horizontal integration vertical integration both and again finding the entry point come through the bottom comes to the middle come through the top but just make sure that that you know then you knew make sure this

Integration I think there’s there was a very strong reinforcement to the idea that we were also pushing that you know there’s this need for supporting a diversified and a rich urban system and I think the national level policies work of you inhabitant actually supports that very much we have national urban policy

Work going on and over not from you and habitat alone but in about 100 and 100 odd countries at the moment are undertaking national but policies or some natural herbal policies depending on where the urban sits and really lies about reading that diversify the rich urban system including me enough

Attention and recognizing the value of smaller communities which is what PR the results are saying by the way the light this charger was one of the resource documents for this for these guidelines and it was distributed in great detail I think there’s another bit that we talked

About which is on you know when you talked about the integrated approach and the crisis areas in the latest chapter we are now talking about urban regeneration in film plans in the extensions which is something keywords that you inhabit that uses it in its work it’s really about that it’s about

Addressing the areas which need attention first it’s about planning your brownfield sites first it’s about doing plant city extension and then thinking about some random new town you know sort of development in in a green field setting I think the last thing I’d like to say is that all of this tells us

A little bit about planning myself is not enough the dimensions what what you and habitat promote says the three-legged approach legislation planning and finance all three need to go hand-in-hand planners by themselves cannot do it legislation by itself is it effective and financing without making sure it’s gets directed to the right priorities

Also doesn’t work so for any any of these approaches to succeed those are really the three dimensions you need to you need to think about I’m going to leave it there any tweets last final statements nothing 140 characters you already said your plans are nothing planning is everything I like that okay

Anything else last box no okay thank you very much thank you [Applause]

ID: 6y52SliMHY4
Time: 1510168779
Date: 2017-11-08 22:49:39
Duration: 01:29:05


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